Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is Canada's special provincial program that allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate those individuals who want to live in Canada and interest in settling in a particular province based on the criteria set by the provincial government. Most of Canada's provinces and territories have an agreement with the Canadian government which allows them to nominate immigrants (individuals and their families) on the basis of their immigration needs and the applicant’s intention to settle in that province. Under a common jurisdiction between Ottawa and the provinces, Canada conducts two-level immigration system, offering programs for skilled workers at both federal and provincial levels.
Each PNP has at least one immigration stream (excluding Quebec) which is connected to the Federal Express Entry Immigration Selection System. If you choose to immigrate to Canada as a provincial nominee, you will first have to apply in the province where you want to complete your provincial enrollment process. The province will consider your application on the basis of your immigration needs and your actual intention of settling there.
Canada PNP program Process
Through a network of Nominee Program (PNP), almost all Canadian ten provinces and three areas can designate skilled worker candidates for entry into Canada with the specific skills required by their local economies. Successful candidates who receive a provincial or regional nomination can apply for permanent residency in Canada through Federal Immigration Officers. This is an important component of all provincial programs. Many provinces also run their own categories under the Canada Express Entry System. As a result, the provinces have an increasing role in the selection of economic immigrants. In some instances, candidates who do not qualify under a federal program may qualify for early entry to Canada for the applicant and their accompanying dependants.
As of January, 2015 and the launch of the Express Entry selection system for Canadian immigration, two types of provincial nomination certificate have been defined, namely 'base' and 'enhanced' provincial nominations.
Provincial nominations issued under these Express Entry-aligned streams are known as 'enhanced nominations' and award Express Entry candidates an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points. When these additional points are added to a candidate’s human capital and skills transferability points, it will result in an Invitation To Apply for the permanent residence being issued to the candidate at a subsequent draw from the Express Entry pool.
Base Provincial Nomination
Individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada, but who may not be eligible to enter the Express Entry pool, may still be able to make an application to immigrate to Canada through a base PNP stream, as long as they are eligible for the particular PNP. The route from a successful base nomination to permanent residence is a two-step process. Candidates must first satisfy the criteria for a PNP stream, apply, and receive a nomination certificate. With this certificate in hand, candidates may apply to the federal government.
With the exception of some provinces, employer sponsorship generally required for applicants to be sponsored for admission to Canada. Without a government-approved employer sponsorship, the application will either not be approved, or will be routinely passed over in favour of applications with an employer sponsored approval.
Sponsoring employers under most provincial programs should demonstrate enough efforts to hiring local Canadians and offering competitive terms and conditions of employment that are relevant to a particular business. Among the provinces, variations are present in the terms and conditions of employment so that any foreign worker can be sponsored.
To qualify as a sponsored employee, the term to be filled should usually be in conformity with National Business Classification (NOC) Skill Type 0 or Level A, B; Or alternatively, the conditions of a special pilot project designed for the lack of specific critical skills identified by the province should be met.
Pilots programs within the provinces are designed for less skilled workers and are limited in scope. In most provinces there are variations of pilot projects for less skilled businesses.
What Canadian Provinces Offer PNPs?
Currently in 2019, there are eleven territories that are participating in the program. Criteria and eligibilities vary depending on the place of nomination
- Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
- British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
- Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
- Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
- New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
- Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NSPNP)
- Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
- Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
- Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
- Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
- Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
How to apply for Canada PNP?
To immigrate to Canada as a provincial nominee, you may follow the steps mentioned below
Create your application in express entry pool
File your application with the qualifying province
Wait for the province to be nominated
File the application, provide all required documents related to PNP
Receive and accept Provincial Nomination
Update the information related to PNP nomination and wait for Invite
Complete your online permanent resident application with CIC along with all the required documents and fees
Applying for Canadian Permanent Residence with a Provincial Nomination
Provincially nominated programs throughout Canada are actively looking for qualified foreign nationals by making the process of applying for permanent residence of Canada more accessible. Whether a provincial nomination certificate is issued outside of the express entry or selection system, IRCCC still requires a candidate to submit a separate application for the status of permanent resident (PR) Our Canadian immigration
The Northern Canada territory of Nunavut does not currently have a PNP and Quebec does not participate in the federal government's PNP. Instead, the Governments of Quebec and Canada have entered into a series of agreements which enables the province of Quebec to establish its own selection criteria for economic immigration.
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